Laser hair removal is a great method for removing unwanted body and facial hair without the burns, nicks, and redness of shaving and waxing. Laser hair removal is technically known as a permanent hair reduction process, and although it’s not total hair removal, it does drastically decrease hair growth and the need for shaving.
The process is safe for use on most parts of the body, including the legs, arms and armpits, bikini area, chest, back, and even the face (except for the eyes). Laser hair removal is expensive and it does require several follow-up treatments, but there are steps you can take before and after your treatment that will help maximize the benefits you gain from the process.
Here are Temporary Risks, Side Effects of Laser Hair Removal are as follows :
1. Redness Up To 3 Days
It is the most common risks and entirely benign for most people. It caused by an increased blood flow to the capillaries in the skin. This problem can get worse in areas of sensitive skin and sometimes may be accompanied by pain.
In cases of reticulate erythema, it refers to a long sustainable inflammation of the skin resembling a web-like design which may occur as a result of repeated sessions of Diode Lasers using high fluences.
2. Swelling Within 1-2 Days
If you are a very sensitive skin type, swelling is a side effect that could easily occur. It caused by the accumulation of fluid beneath the skin.
The swelling can also be directly dependent upon the type of laser settings that were used within the treatment, longer wavelengths laser may also produce tiny bumps resembling goose bumps and additional edema, which should go away within 1-2 days.
3. Slight Tingling & Numbness
Some patients may also experience slight tingling and numbness after treatment due to the skin is burned slightly by lasers. Usually it subsides in 1-3 days. Burns may result when it is the skin which absorbs the laser energy, rathe than the hair follicle.
The burns tend to have a higher occurrence among patients with darker skin by IPL, lasers is more smaller. To know more details on Laser Hair Removal visit Kotra
4. Itching For 1-2 Hour
The itching is a histamine reaction. It can be triggered from the slight snap on the skins surface from the laser hair removal treatment. Usually, itchy feeling can dissipates after 1-2 hour after laser treatment and you can use an Aloe-Cortisone cream to sooth the skin.
It should not last more than three days. If itching is not controlled, it may be sign of infection of skin. See your doctor and the doctor may prescribe a brief dose of steroids such a prednisone.
Minor burn from laser hair removal treatment has become increasingly common. Around 4,000 laser adverse event are recorded annually in the UK and most of them are associated with burn by lasers or IPL. There are three degrees of burns from laser treatment, the first degree burn is not very serious and will heal with time.
However, the second and third degree burn can lead to Blistering, Crusting, Hyper / Hypo Pigmentation, and Scarring of skin. If it feels extremely hot and is not cooling down or extremely pain during the laser treatment, you should alert your technician.
6. Slight Crusting / Scab Formation
Sometimes laser can irritate hair follicles, such that slight bleeding or the formation of scabs occur. Usually, it will occur in people who have ingrown hairs.
However, it was also reported that up to 30% of patient with lighter skin treated with Long-pulsed Ruby and Alexandrite lasers. The main reason behind the crusting is connected to over treating an area with the laser.
If you experience blistering after your laser hair removal treatment, you could have a second-degree burn. The most reason cause of it is the technicians who are not experienced or qualified in the laser procedure.
Blisters are very painful and they bring intense discomfort to anybody and when untreated, it may result to a risk of scarring and pigment changes to the skin.
Hyperpigmentation refers to the darkening of skin. It is a frequently encountered complication in patients who have darker skin with excessive laser energies and inadequate epidermal cooling. Usually, it will fade within three months though it can last for six to eight months.
Recent reports over the past decade have shown decreased the Hyperpigmentation with the longer wavelength lasers such as the Diode or Nd:YAG and the risk is higher with IPL and Ruby than with other lasers.
9. Cause Acne, Pimple
The hair plays in protecting our skin from bacteria as it keeps sebaceous glands clear of buildup and clogging. Patients may experience acne in places they have never experienced it before such as the back, genital regions or under the arms. However, it is certainly not long-lasting.
10. Laser-induced Hypertrichosis
Current research indicates that the leading cause for the stimulation of hair growth is treated with the wrong laser or if it’s on the wrong setting. Heat stimulation can activate dormant follicles and the fine hairs will absorb a certain amount of energy, causing some damage.
If using the sub-optimal energies lasers to remove hair, they can not enough to completely destroy the follicles. In trying to heal this damage, the follicles can be strengthened and increased hair growth! This is why laser is never good to treat at low settings or too fine hairs.
11. Purpura (Bluish Skin Discolorations)
Purpura is the bleeding under the skin leaving purple spots or rashes. The laser hair removal is not that advisable for individual who have tanned skin because purpura is the most crucial problem that they could encounter after treatment. The good news is that the purpura is typically temporary, usually it disappears in 3-5 days.
Bruising is a relatively rare of laser hair removal risks. Patients with sensitive skin that bruises easily may see bruising after treatment.
Diabetics, pre existing skin or circulatory issues are prone to bruising due to poor blood circulation. Bruising can sometimes be avoided by not taking anticoagulants such as aspirin or avoiding Vitamin E for 2 weeks prior to laser treatment.
Infection following Laser / IPL treatments can lead to scarring and permanent discoloration of the skin. Although it is unusual, but bacterial, fungal and viral infections can occur due to the superficial skin is injured by lasers.
The risk of infection is increased if your skin starts to blister after laser treatment. If you are exposed to the sun for lengthy periods of time before the healing process of laser treatment is over, you are more likely to develop an infection.
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