People who undergo liposuction usually have a stable body weight but would like to remove undesirable deposits of body fat in specific parts of the body.
Liposuction is not an overall weight-loss method. It is not a treatment for obesity.The procedure does not remove cellulite, dimples, or stretch marks. The aim is esthetic. It suits those who wish to change and enhance the contour of their body.
Liposuction permanently removes fat cells, altering the shape of the body. However, if the patient does not lead a healthy lifestyle after the operation, there is a risk that the remaining fat cells will grow bigger.
The amount of fat that can be safely removed is limited.There are some risks, including infection, numbness, and scarring. If too much fat is removed, there may be lumpiness or dents in the skin. The surgical risks appear to be linked to the amount of fat removed.
Before the liposuction operation
Before the operation, patients will need to undergo some health tests to ensure they are fit for surgery.
The following recommendations may be made.
A. People who use regular aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs should stop taking them at least 2 weeks before surgery.
B. Women may be asked to stop taking the contraceptive pill.
C. Patients with anemia may be asked to take iron supplements.
The individual will need to sign a consent form. This confirms that they are fully aware of the risks, benefits, and possible alternatives to the procedure. For more details on Liposuction check Thebigtrak
During the liposuction operation
Patients may receive a general anesthetic before the procedure, which can last for 1 to 4 hours.
An epidural may be used for treatments on the lower body. In this case, the anesthetic is injected into the epidural space surrounding the dura, or fluid-filled sac, around the spine. This partially numbs the abdomen and legs.
A local anesthetic might be used when liposuction is done on very small areas.
If the patient requires only local anesthesia, they might be asked to stand up during the procedure to ensure proper fat removal.
There are a number of liposuction techniques.
Several liters of a saline solution with a local anesthetic (lidocaine) and a vessel-constrictor (epinephrine) are pumped below the skin in the area that is to be suctioned. The fat is suctioned, or sucked out, through small suction tubes. This is the most popular form of liposuction.
No fluid is injected before the fat is removed. This method is seldom used today. There is a higher risk of bruising and bleeding.
Ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL):
Also known as ultrasonic liposuction, the cannula is energized with ultrasound. This makes the fat melt away on contact. The ultrasound vibrations burst the walls of the fat cells. This emulsifies, or liquified, the fat, making it easier to suction out. This method is suitable for fibrous areas, such as the male breast, back, and in areas where liposuction has been done before.
After ultrasonic liposuction, suction-assisted liposuction is done to remove the liquefied fat.
Power-assisted liposuction (PAS):
Also known as powered liposuction, PAS uses a specialized cannula with a mechanized system that rapidly moves back-and-forth, allowing the surgeon to pull out fat more easily.
Laser Assisted Lipolysis (LAL):
Also known as laser-guided lipo, this procedure requires the use of tumescent fluid. It is a less invasive and bloody procedure than the traditional liposuction method for removing fat.A small tube is inserted through a small incision to deliver laser energy and heat into the fat that is under the skin.
After the operation, the surgeon may leave the incisions open so that excess fluid and blood can drain from the body.
After the liposuction operation
Those who have a general anesthetic usually spend the night in hospital. Those who had a local anesthetic may be able to leave hospital on the same day.
Either an elasticated support corset or bandages will be fitted for the targeted area.
These may be given immediately after the operation.
Analgesics can help relieve pain and inflammation.
The surgeon will remove the stitches in a follow-up appointment.
Significant bruising may occur in the targeted area.
There may be numbness in the area where fat was removed. This should improve in 6 to 8 weeks.
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